; fenglin karst
   1. A karst, conspicuous in China, that is identified by its isolated limestone hills. Fenglin (pronounced ‘funglin’) translates from Chinese as ‘peak forest’, and is distinguished from fengcong. Both fenglin and fengcong are mature karst normally only developed by long uninterrupted periods of rapid dissolution in wet tropical environments with high levels of biogenic soil carbon dioxide. The Chinese classify karst by the hill or peak density, in contrast to the Western classification by hill shape. Fenglin is therefore almost the equivalent of tower karst; its hills have very steep or vertical walls, and may have a height/width ratio greater than four. The limestone hills rise above level, alluviated plains, and the finest fenglin karst around Yangshuo, Guangxi, in southern China, is one of the world’s most dramatic landscapes. The classification by hill density means that low residual cones scattered across a plain are also referred to as fenglin by the Chinese [9].
   2. Tower karst characterized as peak forest because the individual towers appear as isolated groups on a plain. Dry valley networks separate individual towers [4].
   See also fengcong; fungling; mogote; tower karst.

A Lexicon of Cave and Karst Terminology with Special Reference to Environmental Karst Hydrology. . 2002.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fenglin — 1 Original name in latin Fenglin Name in other language Fenglin, Fenglin Jiedao, feng lin, feng lin jie dao State code CN Continent/City Asia/Shanghai longitude 37.41253 latitude 122.17046 altitude 11 Population 0 Date 2012 12 05 2 Original name… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Fenglin Hotel Tianjin (Tianjin) — Fenglin Hotel Tianjin country: China, city: Tianjin (Centre) Fenglin Hotel Tianjin Location Located within a 30 minute drive from the Tianjin East Railway Station, Fenglin Hotel Tianjin is 6 kilometres from the Tianjin Exhibition Centre. Rooms… …   International hotels

  • fenglin karst —    See fenglin …   Lexicon of Cave and Karst Terminology

  • Réserve naturelle de Fenglin — La réserve naturelle de Fenglin est une réserve de biosphère située dans la province du Heilongjiang en Chine. Liens externes (en) Fiche de la réserve sur le site de l UNESCO (en) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • List of Chinese records in swimming — The Chinese records in swimming are ratified by the China s governing body in swimming, Chinese Swimming Association. All records were achieved in finals unless otherwise noted. Contents 1 Long course (50 m) 1.1 Men 1.2 Women …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der Naturschutzgebiete in der Volksrepublik China — Dies ist eine Liste der Staatlichen chinesischen Naturschutzgebiete (chinesisch 中国国家级自然保护区 Zhongguo Guojiaji Ziran Baohuqu, engl. National Nature Reserves of China), d. h. der dreihundertunddrei Naturschutzgebiete, die seit 2008… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • China at the 2011 World Aquatics Championships — Flag of China China competed at the 2011 World Aquatics Championships in Shanghai, China between July 16 and 31, 2011. Contents …   Wikipedia

  • Halong Bay — Infobox World Heritage Site Name = Hạ Long Bay State Party = VIE Type = Natural Criteria = vii, viii ID = 672 Region = Asia Pacific Year = 1994 Session = 18th Extension = 2000 Link = http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/672/Ha Long Bay ( vi. Vịnh Hạ… …   Wikipedia

  • List of UNESCO Biosphere Reserves in China — This is a list of UNESCO s biosphere reserves in China, with designation dates and major ecosystem types.*Baishuijiang *Baotianman *Bogeda *Changbaishan *Chebaling *Dalai Lake *Dinghushan *Fanjingshan *Fenglin *Foping *Gaoligong Mountain… …   Wikipedia

  • Cheng Yen — 證嚴 File:Cheng yen.gif Other name(s) Huizhang Dharma name(s) Cheng Yen Personal Nationality …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”